Building Information Modelling is referred to as the process of representing the physical and functional features of a building. It involves establishing and managing data on a building project across all phases of the project. Information shared is for the purpose of decision making at different phases of the project. It involves geometry, light evaluation, spatial connection, geographical data, quantities and characteristics of building components.
The digital explanation of every facet of the facility to be built is a fundamental part of building information model. The model depends on the insights gathered collectively and reported at the main phases of the project. A model supports the construction team to maximize their abilities and resources in a facility of value. BIM enables the creation of various models used to generate drawings and other things.
A virtual representation of an entire phase of construction is important and BIM help in this kind of representation. A well-presented model communicates huge information to the construction team hence help them stay focused on executing a successful project. It is easy to plan, and communicate with one another whenever needed if the model is well defined.
Additionally, a realistic model allows the managers to explore different alternative scenarios to come up with the best project from a plan. Visual representation is easy to share with customers and other stakeholders especially when the next course of action should take place. Information should always be shared on 3D and it must be good. The construction industry should embrace digital adoption before pumping resources to create opportunities that the 3D model of a structure can present.
Impact of BIM in the construction industry
A report released by McKinsey showed that about 75 per cent of companies that use BIM have registered great returns on their investment for projects conducted within a shorter time as they saved more on paperwork and price of construction items. Due to these benefits, most governments like Finland and Singapore are encouraging the adoption of BIM for most of the projects on their infrastructure. In general, BIM has improved productivity as it is easier to work with a well laid out plan.
Another study conducted on small contracting companies showed a rise in manpower productivity from 75 per cent to 240 per cent after the adoption of BIM. Experts like engineers, architects, and surveyors must be involved in a project and with BIM they can easily communicate and coordinate projects between different departments. As such, the construction industry has become more efficient. There is no loss of information with the modern digital system unlike during traditional data representation where the whole information would be distorted especially in cases where a project was passed from the management to a team. Also, in-depth data is provided for complex buildings.
Future of BIM
Technology has revolutionized the world. The construction industry is becoming more efficient with BIM. As such, structural designs and management of long term projects will depend on technology in the future. BIM is encouraged by governments all over the world as it plays a significant role in executing all the technological adoption by different industries.
BIM enables management of heavy data hence suitable for construction projects. The government should put more emphasis on systems that are cheaper, cause less pollution, efficient and improves the process of export as it will increase their chances of becoming internationally recognized in the building and construction industry. Due to the benefits associated with BIM, am certain it is going to be here longer than expected.
What is your take on Building Information Modelling (BIM)? Do you think adopting the system by the construction industry will help make projects timely and successful?